The birth of astronomy closely followed the birth of civilization. astronomy has intrigued our ancestors since the beginning of time. The first civilization of human beings rose nearly 12,000 years ago. among them, Babylonian astronomy, from Mesopotamia, was especially high developed, based upon Sumerian astronomy. later, this Babylonian astronomy influenced Greek astronomy. Plato, eudoxus, aristotle, eratosthenes, aristarchus, hipparchus and ptolemy were all great philosophers, as well as astronomers. This topic asks you to examine astronomical achievements by ancient astronomers and compare them to a modern view.